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People's Republic Of China


Capital City》Beijing《Area9,596,960 square kilometer


National Flag  ratio 2 : 3    Flag In Use 1949/10/01


【國旗由來】國旗旗面的紅色象徵革命。旗上的五顆五角星及相互關係象徵著中國共產黨領導下的革命人民大團結,大星星代表中國共產黨,四個小星星是表示工人、農人、知識階級與愛國資本家四個人民階級。星用黃色是為著在紅地上顯出光明,黃色較白色明亮美麗,四顆小五角星各有一尖正對著大星的中心,表示圍繞一個中心而團結,在形式上也顯得緊湊美觀。此旗又稱為「五星紅旗」。

【國徽由來】 齒輪和麥穗象徵著工人階級與農民階級大團結。天安門圖案是北京首都象徵,五星圖案是共產政權的象徵。


People's Republic Of China

【Introduction】

                           For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences. But in the 19th and early 20th centuries, China was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established a dictatorship that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, his successor DENG Xiaoping gradually introduced market-oriented reforms and decentralized economic decision making, and output quadrupled by 2000. Political controls remain tight even while economic controls continue to be relaxed.

【Location】

                          Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam

【Climate】

             Extremely diverse; tropical in south to sub arctic in north

【Population】

                          1,284,303,705 July 2002 Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%

【Language】

                          Simplified Mandarin (Jian Ti, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages

【Religion】

             Enforced Atheist in the year 2002 

【Life Expectancy 

             Total population: 71.86 years female: 73.86 years (2002 est.) male: 70.02 years

【Map Of China】


 

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